The outbreak of Zika virus has wreaked havoc throughout the world. Brazil has been the worst sufferer with many birth defects reported. All the countries are working hard to find some permanent solution.
Zika virus facts
Spread by mosquitoes
The Zika virus is injected into people by the bite of Aedis aegypti mosquito. This is the same kind of mosquito which is responsible for causing other dangerous diseases like Malaria and Chikungunya. America is at threat. The Aedes mosquito is found in all the countries of America except Canada and some areas of Chile. It is already present in around two dozen countries in America and is soon expected to reach in all those areas where Aedes mosquitoes are found.
No serious symptoms
The most dangerous thing about this virus is that it causes no serious symptoms. The symptoms are extremely minor and around 80 percent of the infected people didn’t even realize anything. The symptoms include rash, mild fever and in some cases conjunctivitis may be found. In extremely rare cases, a neurological condition known as Guillain-Barre syndrome can be seen. It usually develops after any infection.
Infected people can spread it
People who have been already infected with the virus cannot transfer it to any other person directly. However, in rare extreme cases, it may be transmitted sexually. Hence, doctors have recommended avoiding any sexual activity. The virus spreads when a mosquito bites an infected person and then injects the virus into the body of the next person it bites. Hence, when people travel, he or she can bring the virus along with them. If not prevented, it can spread like wildfire. For this reason, special screenings are held at every airport.
Zika virus is most dangerous for pregnant women. It may result in a very serious birth problem named microcephaly. Microcephaly results in an incomplete development of the brain and the head. In most cases, the newborns die at birth. And even if they survive, some disability will occur. This is why the U.S Government has prevented pregnant women from flying in Zika affected virus.
As of now, there is no treatment for Zika virus. Antibiotics can be used to treat infections, but there are no vaccines which can prevent Zika. However, experts believe that very soon they will able to create a vaccine.